Содержание

Y. Spyropoulos. Janissaries: A Key Institution for Writing the Economic and Political History of Ottoman Muslims in the Early Modern Period



Яннис Спиропулос. Янычары: ключ к пониманию экономической и политической истории османских мусульман раннего Нового времени // Исторический вестник. 2019. Т. ХXIХ. С. 104—133.

Yannis Spyropoulos. Janissaries: A Key Institution for Writing the Economic and Political History of Ottoman Muslims in the Early Modern Period [Yanychary: klyuch k ponimaniyu ekonomicheskoj i politicheskoj istorii osmanskih musul'man rannego Novogo vremeni]. Istoricheskij vestnik / Historical Reporter. Vol. 29. 2019. P. 104—133.


Ключевые слова: янычары, османские провинции, Восточное Средиземноморье, исламские сети взаимодействия, общественная политика, исламская торговля.

Key words: Janissaries, Ottoman provinces, Eastern Mediterranean, Muslim networks, popular politics, Muslim trade.


Abstract

This article's main argument is that in the course of the eighteenth century, the Janissary corps evolved into a powerful platform for the exchange of people, goods, and ideas between different localities covering a vast geographical area. By elaborating on this idea this paper maintains that the Janissaries should be treated as a key institution for the examination of Muslim economic and political history in the Ottoman periphery. We claim that the study of their networks has the potential to drastically redefine our current perception of the sociopolitical and financial role of Muslims in the early modern Ottoman Empire. Such a research can help us create a more balanced and less ‘Eurocentric’ picture of the trading operations of Muslims in the region and better understand the dissemination of ideas and political movements between a number of Muslim communities where the Janissaries had a strong presence.


Аннотация

Главный тезис статьи — то, что на протяжении XVIII века, корпус янычар эволюционировал в мощную платформу перемещения людей, товаров и идей между различными регионами обширного географического пространства. Обосновывая эту идею, автор статьи подчеркивает, что янычары — как институт — являются своеобразным ключом к исследованию экономической и политической истории исламских общин на периферии Османской империи. На взгляд автора, исследование этих сетей взаимодействия позволяет радикально пересмотреть нынешнее восприятие социополитической и финансовой роли мусульман в Османской империи раннего Нового времени. Подобные исследования дают возможность выработать более сбалансированную и менее «евроцентричную» картину мусульманских торговых операций в регионе, и лучше понять распространение идей и политических движений среди различных исламских общин в тех регионах, где присутствие янычар было значимым.


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