Содержание

Н.Р. Краюшкин. Феномен «путешествия в поисках знания» в османской культуре



Н.Р. Краюшкин. Феномен «путешествия в поисках знания» в османской культуре // Исторический вестник. 2019. Т. ХXIХ. С. 178—195.

N.R. Krayushkin. The Phenomenon of a «Journey in Search for Knowledge» in the Ottoman Culture [Fenomen «puteshestviya v poiskah znaniya» v osmanskoj kul'ture]. Istoricheskij vestnik / Historical Reporter. Vol. 29. 2019. P. 178—195.


Ключевые слова: Османская империя, ислам, рихла, хадж, ‘Абд ал-Гани ан-Наблуси.

Key words: Ottoman Empire, Islam, Rihla, Hajj, ‘Abd al-Ghani al-Nablusi.


Abstract

In the 16th and 17th centuries Ottoman Turks conquered most countries of the Middle East and North Africa and reached Vienna. As а result, the power of Istanbul was established in the heterogeneous spaces of the Mediterranean. The seized territories in Europe became part of Dar al-Islam, increasing the area of direct spread of the Arab-Muslim spiritual tradition. In this context, the «journey in search for knowledge» (rihla) acquired special significance — it contributed to the intensification of cultural and intellectual life of the Ottoman society and establishment of its ideological unity. The author examines the materials from the treatises of Medina theologian Muhammad Kibrit, Istanbul explorer Evliya Celebi and Damascus Sufi ‘Abd al-Ghani al-Nablusi, who travelled through the territory of the Ottoman Empire in the 17th century, to explore the main pilgrimage routes and cultural centers of the region. The goal of this article is to analyze the content of civilizational exchange and to identify basic characteristics of new Ottoman cultural experience.


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