Содержание

K.S. Parker. Aragon and the East: James II and Diplomatic Intervention in Mamluk Egypt



K.S. Parker. Aragon and the East: James II and Diplomatic Intervention in Mamluk Egypt [Aragon i vostok: Iakov II i diplomaticheskaya intervenciya v mamlyukskij Egipet]. Istoricheskij vestnik / Historical Reporter. Vol. 31. 2020. P. 158—175.

К.С. Паркер. Арагон и восток: Иаков II и дипломатическая интервенция в мамлюкский Египет // Исторический вестник. 2020. Т. ХXХI. С. 158—175.


Key words: James II of Aragon, Crown of Aragon, Mamluk, al-Nasir Muhammad ibn Qalawun, Egypt, Copt, Melkite, dhimmi, Mediterranean history, diplomacy, trade, Crusades, pilgrimage.

Ключевые слова: Иаков II Арагонский, Арагонское королевство, мамлюки, аль-Насир Мухаммад ибн Калавун, Египет, копты, мелькиты, зимми, паломничество, Средиземноморье, дипломатия, торговля, Крестовые походы.


Abstract

This article examines the diplomatic intervention of King James II of Aragon (r. 1291-1327) in Mamluk Egypt on behalf of indigenous Christians, Latin monastic orders, as well as Aragonese commercial interests.  James’ reign overlapped with that of Sultan al-Nasir Muhammad ibn Qalawun (r. 1293-4; 1298-1308; 1310-41), whose lengthy tenure featured a stabilization of Mamluk rule following the expulsion of the Crusaders and the defeat of the Mongol Il-Khanate.  However, it also featured increased persecution of Egyptian Christians, particularly Copts as well as Melkites.  The correspondence of James II provides important corroboratory insight into their experience and is noteworthy.


Аннотация

Статья рассматривает дипломатическую интервенцию короля Иакова II Арагонского (1291–1327) в мамлюкский Египет, призванную защитить восточных христиан, латинские монашеские ордены и коммерческие интересы Арагона.

Правление Иакова II совпало с правлением мамлюкского султана аль-Насира Мухаммада ибн Калавуна (1293–1294; 1298–1308; 1310–1341), обеспечившего окончательное поражение крестоносцев и монгольского Ильханата.

Тем не менее правление аль-Насира Мухаммада ибн Калавуна была сопряжена с преследованием египетских христиан — как коптов, так и мелькитов. Корреспонденция Иакова II предоставляет весьма ценные свидетельства об опыте этих общин.


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Kenneth Scott Parker D.Sc. (History), Royal Holloway University of London.

Кеннет Скотт Паркер — доктор исторических наук, Королевский Холловей Колледж, Лондонский университет.


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