Содержание

Копоть Е.М. Битва за прошлое: храм святого Георгия в Израа в эпицентре церковно-политической борьбы конца XIX в.



DOI 10.35549/HR.2019.2017.35088


 

Е.М. Копоть Битва за прошлое: храм святого Георгия  в Израа в эпицентре  церковно-политической борьбы конца XIX в. // Исторический вестник. 2017. Т. ХХ. С. 256—281.

 

Kopot’ E.M. The battle for the past: the Church of St. George in Israel at the epicenter of the Church-political struggle of the late XIX century [Bitva za proshloe: hram svyatogo Georgiya  v Izraa v epicentre  cerkovno-politicheskoj bor'by konca XIX v]. Istoricheskij vestnik / Historical Reporter. 2017. Vol. 20. P. 256–281.

 Ключевые слова: храм св. Георгия в Израа, Антиохийский патриархат, православные арабы, Россия и православный Восток.

 Key words: the church of St. George in Izraa, the Patriarchate of Antioch, the Orthodox Arabs, Russia and the Orthodox East.

 Abstract

The article covers an obscure episode of Orthodox and Melkite communities rivalry in Syria in the end of the 19th century. Strengthening its superiority over the Orthodox, Uniates attempted to seize the church of St. George in Izraa, one of the oldest Christian temples in the region. For the Orthodox community it was a threat made by surpassing in material well-being enemy backed up by the See of Rome and the French Embassy. The only support to Antioch Patriarchate in the rivalry for its identity was the Russian Empire, a traditional protector of the Orthodox Arabs in the East. Papers of Foreign Policy Archives of the Russian Empire, introduced into scientific usage for the first time, give an opportunity to observe the history of this rivalry that resulted in involving the Ottoman establishment and the Russian Embassy in Constantinople.

 

Аннотация

Статья посвящена малоизвестному эпизоду борьбы православной и мелькитской общин Сирии в к. XIX века.  С целью утвердить  свое превосходство над православными, униаты попытались захватить один из древнейших христианских храмов  в регионе – св. Георгия в Израа.  Для  православной общины это был вызов со стороны материально превосходящего противника, за спиной которого стоял папский престол и французское посольство.  Единственной опорой  Антиохийского патриархата в борьбе за свою идентичность  была поддержка России – традиционной покровительницы православия на Востоке. Впервые вводимые в научный оборот документы АВПРИ позволяют проследить историю этого противостояния, вышедшего на уровень высшего османского руководства и российского посольства в Константинополе.

 

References

 

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f the Imperial Orthodox

Palestine Society [«Vesti s Pravoslavnogo Vostoka». Soobshhenija Imperatorskogo Pravoslavnogo Palestinskogo Obshhestva]. SIPPO, 1906. P. 489.

  1. Taft R.F. «Eastern Catholic Theology. Slow Rebirth after a Long and Difficult

Gestation». Eastern Churches Journal 8. No. 2. 2001. P. 51–80.

  1. Terre Sainte. №11. «Op. by: Government benefits the Latin institutions

in the East». Messages of the Imperial Orthodox Palestine Society [«Cit.

po: Pravitel’stvennye posobija latinskim uchrezhdenijam na Vostoke».

Soobshhenija Imperatorskogo Pravoslavnogo Palestinskogo Obshhestva].

SIPPO, 1892. P. 294–299.

 

 


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