It has been 100 years since World War One became a tragic fact in the world history. During 2014-2017 various social and scientific events were held to discuss the war’s impact on the destiny of Russian Empire. Strongly differed the view-points articulated by distinguished experts.
The Empire’s ruling elites wanted to achieve their own foreign policy goals, but hundreds of thousands killed and wounded on all fronts of WWI led to intensifying the anti-monarchy moods and brought disgrace to current politics and those in power among soldiers.
The situation on war theaters changed rapidly and dramatically after the February Revolution of 1917. The position lines were broken and a truce took place. Russian soldiers, exhausted by war, began to fraternize with the enemy. The army didn’t want to be at war anymore, and that was a reflection of the tension in the society at large, which led to further “deepening” of the Russian Revolution, and it’s transformation into the Russian Civil War.
The current issue is dedicated to the events of 1917. Vastly Zh. Tsvetkov in his article analyzes the features of strategic offensive operations of the Russian army designed and developed in 1917 by Chief of Staff of the Commander, General of Infantry Mikhail V. Alekseev. Alexey V. Oleynikov depicts the events on all war theaters of the Eastern Front in strategical and operational context. The author relates the impact of these operations to the outcome of the confrontation. The role of Don Cossacks in 1917 events is described by Andrey V. Venkov. Maksim V. Oskin offers in his article an analysis of the Russian Army food and munitions supply during the shift in power.
The devastating war brought enormous numbers of dead and wounded to all confronting states, and caused serious damages to other non-involved countries. A couple of years at war altered the lives of millions everywhere, in every detail. The fog around those who led their nations to the battlefield dissipated. Victor I. Goltsov and Vladislav A. Parkhomenko (Ukraine) analyze major social changes of the time, including the way people on fronts and in different parts of the country perceived the switch in power in Petrograd during the war actions.
Modern researchers turn to the Romanov Dynasty and it’s representatives’ psychology in attempt to understand the reasons of the abolition of the monarchy in the history of Russia. The first review published in this issue is dedicated to the collection of letters and reports by Alexander Mikhailovich addressed to Nikolay II. Another review touches upon a book which narrates on a biography of Ivan A. Tikhomirov, a scientist and a teacher, whose subject was Russian history and who witnessed the war and the revolution himself. The third review focuses on publications dedicated to the events which took place in 1917 on the edge of the Empire - at the North Caucasus. The last one reviews the publication of documents and protocols dated 1917 by the Council of Workers and Military Deputies of Ufa.
Finding new sources of knowledge is essential for further study of the year 1917 in the world history. A famous British journalist, author of many books, Morgan Price witnessed the revolutionary events of 1917. In this issue of the Historical Reporter a translation of an extract from his book (London, 1921) about the Russian Revolution of 1917 is published for the first time.
Alexey E. Titkov
Vasily Zh. Tsvetkov. General Mikhail Alekseyev — from Chief of Staff to Commander-in-Chief
Alexey V. Oleynikov. The war theaters of Russian Imperial Army’s 1917 campaign: strategic and operational context
Andrey V. Venkov. Don Cossacks and the events of 1917 in Russia
Maksim V. Oskin. Commissariat Supplies of the Russian Army During the 1915 Campaign
Victor I. Goltsov. World War One and Revolution in Russia: Human Dimension (based on letters and diaries of Leontiy A. Byzov)
Vladislav A. Parkhomenko. Everyday life of Nikolaev in 1917
Nadezhda S. Sidorenko. Letters and reports by Great Duke Alexander Mikhailovich to the Emperor Nikolay II. 1889–1917
Nadezhda S. Sidorenko. V.Ya. Rushavin. Ivan Alexandrovich Tikhomirov: Return of the Forgotten Name
Salavat M. Iskhakov. United Highlanders of North Caucasus and Dagestan (1917–1918) and Mountainous Republic (1918–1920) (Documents and papers)
Salavat M. Iskhakov. The Council of Workers and Military Deputies in Ufa in 1917: protocols and documents. Dedicated to the 100-years science the Council of Workers and Military Deputies was established / Compiled by G.V. Mordvitsev
«My Reminiscences of the Russian Revolution» by M. Philips Price