The 20th century is the period of degradation of European and colonial empires and formation of new national states on their debris. We witness two trends: separation and degradation is counterbalanced by unification and integration. The experience of co-existence of different peoples under the same «roof» is once again gaining value. It is time to collect stones and not throw them around. This is why it is not so surprising that the interest in empires, including ancient ones, is on the rise. This issue deals with administrative issues in the Roman empire, the vast territory of which is now home to over 40 national states. Our primary focus is on the earlier Roman Empire, when, in the period of Pax Romana or Pax Augusta (1st and 2nd centuries AD), the cities representing the main administrative nucleus enjoyed unprecedented stability and welfare. In many areas of the Middle East and North Africa archeologists have unearthed remnants of magnificent Roman cities, canals and roads — vestiges of the once flourishing civilization.
The present feature issue spotlights various aspects of the Roman art of state building and state administration.
The introductory article by A.L. Smishliaev gives a general idea of this art taking as a model activities of a Roman province governor at the Early Roman empire period.
In the «Structures and Institutes» section G.M. Kantor analyses the functions of judicial councillors to the governor who not only dealt with legal proceedings but were also active in administration of their cities. In this article councillors are also described on the central administration level as well as that of family (Roman familia) administration. The councillors were not only a political but also a social institution.
D.V. Obrezkova in her article about the Imperial Consistory dwells on the issue of councillors to the Roman emperors from the Dominate period. This gives the reader an opportunity to compare the institute of councillors at the time of Early and Late Roman Empire. K.V. Markov gives an overview of the Roman governors as presented by Greek authors of the Second Sophistic. S.E. Tariverdieva analyses the institutionalization of the co-regency in the Roman empire. In the absence of legitimate monarchy or legal power succession this institute enabled peaceful transmission of power from the emperor to his chosen successor.
In «Social and Political history» section A.V. Makhlayuk uses the Empire founder Augustus as a model to analyze the ways to control historical memory. Those memory controlling mechanisms played an
important role in ideological rationale of the emperor’s power. O.V. Lyubimova in her article analyzes the role of the populares inheritance in the politics of Augustus who considered himself a successor of the populares leader Julius Caesar.
In the «Reviews» section A.V. Makhlayuk and K.V. Markov introduce the readers to the recently published monographs on the history of the Ancient Rome.
In «Sources» section readers will find E.S. Marey’s translations and commentaries of The Codex Theodosianus on the duties of vicars and province governors in the Late Roman Empire.
Alexey E. Titkov
Alexander L. Smishliaev. «Dominatio Civilis» as imagined by Greek writers and realized by Roman authorities
STRUCTURES AND INSTITUTES
Georgy M. Kantor. Qui in Consilio Estis: the governor and his advisers in the Early Empire (published in English)
Daria V. Obrezkova. Imperial Consistory in the IV — early V century (based on Late Roman legislature)
Konstantin V. Markov. The official duties and informal aspects of power of Roman Provincial Governors in judgments and estimates of Second Sophistic authors
Sabina E. Tariverdieva. Augustus and Agrippa: Development of the coregency from 29 to 18 BC
SOCIAL AND POLITICAL HISTORY
Alexander V. Makhlayuk. «What is history going to say about us?» On some aspects and motifs of Octavian Augustus’ memorial politics\
Olga V. Lyubimova. The legacy of populares in the politics of Emperor Augustus (on the evidence of Res Gestae Divi Augusti)
Alexander V. Makhlayuk. Policy and politics during the «ominous age» in history. Y.B. Tsyrkin «Military anarchy» in the Roman Empire
Konstantin V. Markov. Historical narratives of the first half of the III c. as an object of Narrative Study. Kemezis Adam M. Greek narratives of the Roman Empire under the Severans: Cassius Dio, Philostratus and Herodian\
Elena S. Marey. Codex Theodosianus on the duties of vicars and province governors